The usefulness of the agreements will be visible at the next edition of the trilateral malabar naval exercise, which is due to take place in November, said the first source. As The Hindu has already pointed out, an informal consensus has been reached to invite Australia to participate in The Malabar Exercise, but the formal invitation has not yet been renewed. It is not yet known whether Canberra will be invited to this year`s edition. The agreement gives India access to Russian facilities in the Arctic, which sees increased global activity due to the opening of new shipping routes and available resources, officials said earlier. India recently announced investments in Russia`s Far East. Background: India and Russia enter into a defence agreement that simplifies interoperability and allows military platforms to obtain support and deliveries through bases in both countries – Mutual Logistics Assistance Agreement (ARLS). India is working to conclude three Military Logistics Support Agreements (MLSAs) by the end of the year, which will further improve the army`s operational reach in the region. India has already signed such agreements with some countries, starting with the United States. The navy took the most advantage. After concluding a logistical support agreement with Japan earlier this week, India is now working on three such agreements with Russia, the UK and Vietnam, two official sources said. The agreement with Russia is expected to be signed in October. The ARLS with Russia is expected to be signed at the meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin in September on the sidelines of the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, Russia.

Last month, a delegation led by Secretary of State Jiwesh Nandan visited Russia to conclude the agreement, according to the Defense Ministry in its monthly report. Moscow had sent a draft agreement early last year, and the MoD sent it in July to the Integrated Defence Staff and the three services for their positions. Following the agreement with Japan earlier this week, India has now concluded military logistics agreements with all quad countries, Australia, Japan and the United States, which significantly improves interoperability, as they also operate several common military platforms.