Agreements between the United States and some third countries improve the protection of social security for people who work or have worked in both countries. They help many people who, in the absence of the agreement, would not be entitled to monthly pension, disability or survival benefits under the social security system of one or both countries. They also help people who would otherwise have to pay social security contributions to the two countries with the same incomes.  2 An exception to this rule is the agreement with Italy, which allows some transferred workers to choose the social security system to which they are subject. No other U.S. totalization agreement contains a similar rule. The social security agreement between the United States and Hungary («totalization agreement») was signed on February 3, 2015 and came into force on September 1, 2016. The full text of the main agreement and the administrative agreement is available here. The totalisation agreement covers several aspects of social protection and benefits in both countries. The general principle of all totalisation agreements is that a worker, if equal, must pay taxes and should only be covered by the social security system of the country in which he works. This simple rule is called the territorial rule, that is, the territory in which a person works determines his or her tax debt. All other coverage provisions for totalization agreements are exceptions to this general rule. A totalization agreement is an agreement between two countries that prevents double social security contributions for the same income.

At this point, the United States has active totalization agreements with 24 countries. To find out which countries have reached an agreement with the United States, take a look at the IRS list of social security conventions. You will see that they are most often related to developed countries and not to emerging countries. A non-resident non-resident beneficiary who has been absent from the United States for six months or more consecutively must also have been in the United States for a period of five years during which he maintained his relationship with the worker. For example, a non-resident alien who is entitled to a spousal allowance and has been absent from the United States for six consecutive months may be a citizen of a country that pays unlimited benefits to U.S. citizens outside that country`s borders. However, the spouse must also have been married to the worker for 5 years while residing in the United States to receive benefits abroad.9 After the United States.