The OSCE has developed a series of environmental activities aimed at addressing environmental security threats in participating states. Activities include hazardous waste, water management and access to information projects under the Aarhus Convention. Russia and its allies are advancing the idea of comprehensive reform of the OSCE that would further centralize the Secretariat, institutions and presences on the ground and report to collective consensual bodies and focus the Organization`s work on current security issues (human trafficking, terrorism, non-proliferation, arms control, etc.) at the expense of the human dimension or human rights. Reducing the autonomy of the OSCE`s theoretically independent institutions, such as the BDH, would effectively give a Russian veto to any OSCE activity. Western states are opposed to this process, which they see as an attempt to prevent the OSCE from implementing its democratization programme in post-Soviet countries. [Citation required] The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) is the world`s largest intergovernmental security organization. Its mandate covers issues such as arms control, the promotion of human rights, freedom of the press and fair elections. The company employs about 3,460 people, mainly in the field, but also in its secretariat in Vienna, Austria and its institutions. It has its origins in the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) held in Helsinki, Finland in 1975. Our activities cover a wide range of security issues, such as conflict prevention, promoting economic development, sustainable use of natural resources and promoting full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. In December 1996, the «Lisbon Declaration on a common and global security model for Europe for the 21st century» confirmed the universal and indivisible nature of security on the European continent. The OSCE takes a comprehensive approach to the political-military dimension of security, including a number of commitments from participating states and mechanisms for conflict prevention and resolution.

The organization also strives to strengthen military security by promoting openness, transparency and cooperation. A unique aspect of the OSCE is the non-binding status of its constituent charter. The final act of Helsinki is not a formal treaty, ratified by national legislators, but constitutes a political commitment of the heads of government of all signatories to build security and cooperation in Europe on the basis of their provisions. This allows the OSCE to remain a flexible process for developing better cooperation that avoids disputes and/or implementation sanctions. In accepting these commitments, the signatories accepted for the first time that the treatment of citizens within their borders was also a matter of legitimate international concern. This open OSCE process is often recognized for contributing to the construction of democracy in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, leading to the end of the Cold War. However, unlike most international intergovernmental organizations, the OSCE does not have the international legal personality because its Charter has no legal value. [12] As a result, the host of the headquarters, Austria, had to give the organisation legal personality in order to sign a legal agreement regarding its presence in Vienna.

The OSCE represents the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. With 57 countries in Europe, Central Asia and North America, the OSCE is the world`s largest regional security organization. The Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe is made up of 323 MEPs from 57 Member States. The Parliamentary Assembly performs its functions mainly through the Standing Committee, the Office and three general committees (Political Affairs and Security Committee, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Environmental Committee, Committee on Democracy, Human Rights and